Cultivation techniques of Phyllanthus Niruri

Phyllanthus Amarus

Sanskrit Name: Bahupatra

Hindi Name: Jaramla Niruri

German Name: Weisse Blatt-Blume

Telugu Name : Nel usi rika

Malayalam Name: keelanelli

Phyllanthus Niruri is commonly seen in South India. The plant is considered deobstruent, diuretic, astringent and cooling. A decoction of the plant is administered to jaundice .Phyllanthus Niruri is a tropical weed and survives under tropical and high rainfall conditions.

 

Cultivation Techniques

The Phyllanthus Niruri plants are propagated by seeds. The seeds are collected when the plants are matured. The whole plants is collected and allowed to dry and fruits to dehisce on paper.

The seeds are very small so they should be mixed with sand before sowing. The seeds are sown between the months of late April and late May.

For raising the seedlings, seeds have to be sown in nursery beds. The soil is dug up to a depth of 30cm mixed with 1kg/m of dry cow dung and sand. The bed should be watered 2 times daily for 15 days. So that all weeds will germinate by the end of 15 days. Remove the weeds from beds by loosened by light digging.

Soil drenching with fungicides such as “CAPTAN” can control harmful soil fungi. Usually 2% of the solution is used for seed beds.

Then the seeds are sown to the beds. The seeds germinate within 2 weeks and takes 30 to 45 days to grow. When the plants are 3 to 4 leaf stage they can be taken to main field and planted. After planting the plants to main field, give liquid manure of Cow dung (organic manure of Cow dung).

Preparation of Organic manure of Cow dung for Phyllanthus Niruri

Take fresh cow dung approximately 1kg. The same is put into muslin bag and tied. Muslin bag is then suspended in a bucket containing 7 liters of water and allowed to ferment for 2 to 3 days (the same should not be stored for a prolonged period more than 3 days). A dark coloured liquid results from the water soluble part of the dung. The concentrated suspension is further diluted with water to get a very light tea coloured solution. That is it. The Liquid manure of Cow dung is read for use. When using Liquid manure of Cow Dung see that the soil is wet in condition.

After 20 days just give a spray of 2% aqueous potassium nitrate, which stimulate healthy and vigorous growth of foliage in order for good growth. Spray the plants with 2% Roger for leaf eating caterpillars. The crops will be ready for harvesting after 3 months of transplanting.

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